Page 247 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 INTRODUCTION
In 2016, value added growth in livestock sector was 4.9%, down 2.4 points compared to 2015. The value added of fishing and fish farming increa- sed by 4.3% after 3,1% previously. This increase in production has quite a lot to do with the success of the “agropoles programme” launched by the government in 2012. The programme aims at pro- viding solutions to the structural constraints that hin- der the development of the sectors of agriculture, fishing and animal husbandry.
BREEDING
CATTLE
In 2016, bovine population grew by 8.7% to stand at 7.5 million animals. The quantity of slaughtered meat is 122,732 tons compared to 112,909 tons in 2015. The increase in meat production is related to the construction and equipping of slaughterhouses and slaughter areas and, in the intensification of the traceability of meat intended for consumption.
Actions by the Government to increase livestock and ensure better quality of meat were furthered with: the intensification of artificial insemination campaigns; the training of actors in the sector; the construction of industrial slaughterhouses and cold stores; the promotion of bovine fattening
through the creation of 205.7 ha of fodder areas in development stations and funds; the epi-cuta- neous treatment of 142,838 animals during transhumance; the production of 1,609,250 doses of bovine contagious pleuropneumonia vaccines; the vaccination of 3,366,500 cattle.
SMALL RUMINANTS
In 2016, sheep population increased by 3.5% compared to 2015 to reach 3.3 million animals; goat numbers increased by 1.2%. The quantities of meat produced increased, sheep by 3.5% and goats by 1.2%.
Actions undertaken in this sector include among others: the pursuit of fight against animal diseases through the epidemiological and moni- toring network through identification and early destruction of outbreaks; the distribution of 548,050 doses of vaccines to prevent sheep and goat plague in the supervised farms; the modernization of small ruminants breeding sta- tion in Louguéré; the support for producers' orga- nizations through training in farm management techniques; the vaccination of 2,200,000 small ruminants against plague.
PIGS
For the year 2016, pig population is estimated at 3,491,280 animals, up 3.5% compared to 2015. The increase in production would have
ANIMAL RANCHING AND FISHING
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