Page 25 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 AIR MASSES
There are two types of air masses in Cameroon: the monsoon or south-west trade wind (humid and unsettled) and the harmattan or north-east trade wind (settled and dry) situated on either side of the Equator. These air masses meet along-
A unique and breath-taking landscape
side the intertropical front, and then move at alti- tude, causing a rainy during the boreal summer and a dry season during the boreal winter. Climatic factors are partly responsible for the cli- mate variety of the country. Thus three climatic areas are found in Cameroon:
Equatorial area
Equatorial area in the south extends to 60 north latitude and is subdivided into a “Guinean” type with 4 seasons, at an average temperature of 250 C. It equally has 2 maximum of rains in September, and March-April, then finally, a “Cameroonian” type, particularly humid and hot, with abundant and incessant rains.
Sudanian area
The humid tropical sudanian area extends from 70 to almost 100 north latitude. The typical sudanian type (Benue basin) is characterized by high average temperatures, rainfall of less than 1m and a 6-month dry season; equally we have the sudano-guinean type situated at Ngaoundere altitude, with its fresh 220 average temperature, heavy rains falling from March to November and a 5-month dry season.
Sudano-sahelian area
The sudan-sahelian area differs from the previous one by its perceptible diminishing rainfall and its dry season that lasts at least 7 months. North of 110 north latitude, the Chad plain is an area of intense evaporation where the rainy season is reduced to 3 months.
A view of the Mounts Atlantika
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