Page 27 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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Based on statistical indicators from 2014 to 2016, it appears that agriculture, forestry, lives- tock, fisheries, mining and industry are the main sources of income for Cameroon.
In 2016, the GDP of the primary sector grew by 6.8% against 5.3% in 2015. The sector repre- sents 15.3% of GDP and contributes 0.9 point to growth against 0.7 percentage point in 2015. At the end of 2017, its GDP would grow by 6.2%. The development strategy remains focused on: the improvement of yields; the competitive- ness of the sectors; infrastructure modernization; producers’ supervision; sustainable management of natural resources; research and innovation.
Industrial and export agriculture increased by 12.5% in 2016. This evolution of production is linked to the modernization of production tech- niques; the use of improved plant material; the start of production of new plantations; the optimi- zed use of production lines; the granting of tax and customs concessions on the import of equip- ment and production equipment. Regarding the production of food crops, it rose by 5.8% in 2016 against 5.4% in 2015, the crops concer- ned are notably: cereals, roots and tubers, as well as fruits and vegetables.
As for the forest, it should be noted that Cameroon is the second largest forest massif in Africa after Congo. The forest area of Cameroon is estimated at 22 million hectares, that is 46.3% of the national territory. The exploitable area represents 79.6% and consists of protected areas and production forests. The government is focu- sed on the development and renewal of the forest resource; securing and enhancing wildlife resources in protected areas; the valorization of timber and non-timber forest resources.
In 2016, the classified forest potential covered an area of 8.5 million hectares, an increase of 16.7% compared to 2015. This increase is attri- butable to the classification of 31 communal forests with an area of 387,082 ha, and the development of 156,672 ha of protected areas and 178,328 ha for wildlife.
For the year 2016, the value added of the lives- tock sector was 4.9%, down 2.4 points compa- red to 2015. The added value of fishing and fish farming increased by 4, 3% after 3.1%.
In 2016, the bovine population grew by 8.7% to 7.5 million head. The quantity of slaughtered meat is 122,732 tons compared to 112,909 tons in 2015. The increase in meat production is related to the construction and equipping of

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