Page 322 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 Foreign trade (in billion)
 HEADINGS
Exports
Crude oil
Excluding oil
Imports
Crude oil
Excluding oil
Trade balance
Balance excluding oil
Coverage rate (in %)
Coverage rate excluding oil (in %)
2015
(a)
2 400,2
962,1
1 438,1
3 575,1
456,8
3 118,4
-1 174,9
-1 680,3
67,14
46,1
2016
(b)
1 959,7
695,6
1 263,9
3 095,5
314,2
2 781,3
-1 135,9
-1 517,4
63,3
45,4
2016
1st half-year (c)
932,7
348,0
584,7
1 400,5
120,1
1 280,3
-467,8
-695,6
66,6
45,7
2017
1st half-year (d)
978,8
396,8
582,1
321,0
19,0
302,0
VARIATIONS EN %
(b/a) (d/c)
-18,4 4,8
-27,7 14,0
-12,1 -0,7
-13,6 -5,7
-31,2 -84,2
-10,8 1,7
39,0 125,6
162,9 -24,3
-3,83 7,5
-0,7 -1,0
Sources : MINFI/DGD, DAE
             LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN
Exports fall, in particular, to China (-165.6 bil- lion), India (-162.2 billion), Portugal (-123.9 bil- lion), the Netherlands (-98.1 billion) and the Great Britain (-43.4 billion). They increase to Italy (+117.6 billion), Spain (+57.1 billion), South Africa (+46.5 billion), Malaysia (+18.6 billion) and Togo (+15.6 billion).
In the first-half of 2017, exports are estimated at 977.3 billion, up 4.8% compared to the same period in 2016. This upward trend is essentially attributable to sales of crude petroleum oils (+ 14%).
Excluding oil, exports are down 0.7%. Declines in sales of raw cocoa beans (-20.7%), fuels and lubricants (-57.9%) and coffee (-14.3%), were offset by increased exports of wood and wood products (+ 11.9%) of raw cotton (+ 22%) and crude aluminium (+ 77.6%).
In 2016, crude oil accounts for 35.5% of total exports. It is followed by raw cocoa beans (20.3%), sawn wood (8.7%), logwood (4.6%), raw cotton (4.5%), fuels and lubricants (3.6%), crude aluminium (3.3%) and fresh bananas (2%).
In the first-half of 2017, the main products exported are: crude petroleum oils (40.5%), raw cocoa beans (10.9%), sawn wood (8.8%), raw cotton (7.1%), logwood (6%), crude aluminium (3.7%), cocoa paste (2.2%), raw rubber (2.1%), household soaps in pieces (2%) and fresh bananas (1.9%).
IMPORTS
In 2016, imports amounted to 3,095.5 billion, down 13.4% compared to 2015. This develop- ment is explained by the decrease in the pur- chase of hydrocarbons (31.2%), cereals (- 16.4%), motor vehicles and tractors (-11.1%). The decrease was mitigated thanks to the rise of machines and electrical or mechanical appliances (+ 8%). Clinker imports are up 40.8% in volume and 29.4% in value, by reason of the activity in the country's cement plants.
Depending on their source, purchase fell with Nigeria (-169 billion), China (-62.4 billion) and Equatorial Guinea (-32.9 billion). On the other hand, they increased with Spain (+26.9 billion), Russia (+24.6 billion) and Mauritania (+22.4 billion).
In the first-half of 2017, year-on-year, imports dropped by 5.7% to stand at 1,321 billion. Higher purchase of machines and electrical and mechanical appliances (+ 20.7%), industrial food products (+ 6.4%) and chemical industries’ products (+ 8.4%) did not make it possible to
1 1
   Le Cameroun a importé plus de 40 milliards, véhicules
-342,2
-719,9
74,1
44,7
   












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