Page 41 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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The current institutional and political organization of the Republic of Cameroon draws its legitimacy and its foundations from Law N0 96/06 of 18 January 1996 amending the Constitution on 2nd June 1972. The current constitutional provisions were adopted by the National Assembly and promulgated by the President of the Republic, after wide consultation of all layers of the Cameroonian society.
In the Preamble to the Constitution, the People of Cameroon, proud of their linguistic and cultural diversity, solemnly proclaim that they constitute one and the same Nation, bound by the same destiny. The people express their “unwavering determination to build the Cameroonian father- land on the basis of the ideals of brotherhood, jus- tice and progress.” The preamble also proclaims the adherence of the Republic of Cameroon to universally recognized fundamental democratic principles, to the principles of African unity and those formulated in the United Nations Charter.
The people of Cameroon assert their commitment to the fundamental freedoms enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN Charter, and the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights and all relevant and duly ratified conventions.
The following principles are solemnly asserted:
• The human being, without discrimination of gender, race, religion, creed, has inalienable and sacred rights;
• All men are equal in rights and duties. The State provides all citizens with the conditions necessary for their development;
• Freedom and security are guaranteed to every individual in respect of the rights of others and the best interests of the State;
• The home is inviolable. No search may take place only under the law;
• The respect for all correspondence is inviola- ble; it cannot be infringed upon, except under decisions from the judiciary;
• The State is secular;
• The law cannot have retroactive effects;
• The State guarantees children the right to education;
• All citizens are required to participate, each in proportion to their capacity for public office. They must also contribute to the defense of the fatherland.
The constitutional provisions in force since January 18, 1996 solemnly affirm the principles

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