Page 44 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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The Senate adopts laws by a simple majority of senators. It may make amendments or reject all or part of the bill submitted to it review, pursuant to Article 30 of the Constitution. Before promulga- tion, laws are subject to a request for second rea- ding by the President. In this case, the laws are adopted by an absolute majority of senators.
The Constitutional Council is one of the new ins- titutions created by Law N0 96/06 of 18 January 1996 amending the Constitution of 2 June 1972.
In Article 46, the Constitution defines it as the appropriate body responsible for constitutional matters. It rules on the constitutionality of laws. It is the regulating body for the functioning of institu- tions. It has final ruling in its field of competence, which shall include among others the following:
• The constitutionality of laws, treaties and inter- national agreements;
• The Rules of procedure of the National Assembly and the Senate;
• Conflicts of powers between State institutions; between the State and the regions; between regions.
Article 48 stipulates that the Constitutional Council shall ensure the regularity of Presidential elections, Parliamentary elections and referen- dum operations. The Constitutional Council announces the results of its consultations.
The Constitutional Council consists of 11 mem- bers appointed for a term of six years renewable
The office of the electoral council, ELECAM in Yaoundé
once. These members appointed by the President of the Republic are designated as follows:
n Three, including the Chairman of the Council by the President of the Republic;
n Three by the Speaker of the National Assembly after advice from the Bureau;
n Three by Senate President after consultation with the Bureau;
n Two by the Higher Council of the Judiciary
The first eleven members of the Constitutional Council were appointed by a presidential decree on 7 January 2018, and were sworn in before the Parliament convened in Congress on 6 March 2018.
Created by the Constitution (Article 54), the Economic and Social Council is governed by Law N0 86/009 of 5 July 1986. It is answerable before the President of the Republic on requests for studies or opinions. This referral is required to review the program of legislation or economic plan. The Economic and Social Council consists of 150 members appointed by Presidential decree. Since 1986, with the abandonment of the five-year plans and the implementation of struc- tural adjustment plans, the Economic and Social Council has not been referred to.
The Constitution in Cameroon grants political parties an important role because “parties and

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