Page 45 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                political groups contribute to the polls.” They have to respect the principles of democracy, sovereignty and national unity (Article 3).
The creation of political parties is totally free: for example, nearly two hundred political parties are currently registered at the Ministry of Territorial Administration. The political parties operate in accordance with Law N0 90/056 of 19 December 1990.
The administrative organization of Cameroon is defined by the Constitution. It introduces the map- ping of Cameroon territory into two main decen- tralized communities that are the regions and municipalities, and delineates the administrative divisions in three sectors as presented below.
The Ministry of Territorial Administration and Decentralization is responsible for the organi- zation and operation of decentralized adminis- tration services, while ensuring the supervision of populations. It is also responsible for the implementation of the National decentraliza- tion policy.
According to the provisions of Presidential Decree 2008/376 on 12 November 2008 on administrative organization in Cameroon, the ter- ritory of the Republic is divided into administra- tive constituencies that make up the following administrative structure:
n The regions;
n The divisions;
n The Subdivisions.
Cameroon has 10 regions, 58 divisions, and 306 sub-divisions (November 2008). The 54 districts which existed prior to the above Decree will be transformed into sub-divisions. Administrative constituencies are created on the entire national territory.
The regions are under the authority of a Governor. According to the provisions of Decree N0 2008/377 of 12 November 2008 establishing the powers of heads of administrative units and on the organization and functioning of their services, the Governor dwells in the capital of the region.
He is the representative of the President and cus- todian of the State authority. The action of the Governor extends throughout the territory of the Region.
The regional Governor is both the representative of the Government and individual ministers. As such, the Governor represents the State in all acts of civil and legal life. The Governor is responsi- ble for execution or enforcement of the execution of laws. The Governor ensures the maintenance of the order by applying the laws and regulations passed by the Parliament.
The Governor shall, under the authority of the competent ministers, ensure the overall supervi- sion, coordination and control of the activity of decentralized services of the State in the region, with the exception of those relating to justice.
 The office of the Urban Community in Yaoundé

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