Page 59 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                • An operationalization study of solid waste management and landscaping along the canals;
ADDRESSING PROJECT: ANEW START
On quite another matter, the addressing project in the city of Yaoundé has been relaunched, thanks to a concerted action between the Urban City and the International Association of Francophone Mayors (AIMF). It should be said that Cameroon's capital is experiencing accele- rated spatial expansion and population growth. More than three million people spread over a rugged site of about 310 km2. The rapid and poorly controlled urbanization worsens the diffi- culties of orientation and localization for the inha- bitants or people visiting the city.
We point out the fact that people still use usual names of places even where the streets are named. For, actually, a naming operation of the streets took place in 1976 and 130 streets were baptized. Meanwhile, punctual operations have allowed the naming of some streets, bringing the number of designated streets to 140, out of a total of about 5000 streets.
A first addressing operation was carried out in 1994 as part of the 2nd urban development pro- ject funded by the World Bank and the Special Development Fund of French Cooperation. It consisted in the numbering of door entrances, the creation of a database of addresses, the laying of street signs and the editing of 1000 guide plans. The streets were first numbered while waiting for their name. The fact remains that for the Yaoundé Urban City, it was necessary to set up a system of identification of roads, constructions, parcels and public facilities. This had to facilitate the identifica- tion, for both locals and visitors (having a map), of the code and address immediately indicating in which area is such-and such a street.
A few years back, a favourable national and international context allowed the revival of the addressing operation of the city of Yaoundé.
On the one hand, the Prime Minister, Head of Government signed, in April 2009, a decree
establishing, organizing and operating the Inter- ministerial Committee on Addressing of Cities in Cameroon. The act, which was part of the Emergence Vision for 2035, obviously translated
the will of the authorities, under the high direction of the Head of State, to provide the Cameroonian cities with a system of identifica- tion in the image of a modern city of the 21st century.
MOBILIZATION OF REVENUE
On the other hand, the AIMF, the operator of the French-speaking summits, in application of a Resolution of the Conference of Heads of State and Government of French-speaking countries, held in Cotonou in 1995, was asked for inter- vene in “modernizing the services of partner municipalities”. As part of the development of its activities in Central Africa, the AIMF proposed, in September 2013, to the Yaoundé Urban City, to co-finance, with the European Union, a project for addressing and revenue raising in Yaoundé. This intended to update the addressing done in 1994 and to put in place necessary mechanisms to increase revenues.
Thus, in June 2015, the AIMF and the Yaoundé Urban City could sign a € 400,000 (262.4 mil- lion CFA) Convention for the implementation of the Yaoundé addressing, jointly financed by the two entities: 300,000 euros for the AIMF and 100,000 euros for the Urban City. The implemen- tation of the project spans 36 months starting in February 2016. After the field survey phase and the numbering of the entrances, the installation of the street signs followed. In addition to being an operation that aims at facilitating the identification, addressing is an initiative that fundamentally improves urban management. But addressing also improves: living together and citizen participation; social integration; citizen-government relations; inter-citizen relations; the location of urban ser- vices; emergency interventions (ambulances, fire- fighters, police...). For all these reasons, the autho- rities of the Yaoundé Urban City urge the people of the Cameroonian capital to appropriate it n
Landscape transformation (former SCDP) before canalizing the Mfoundi
  Landscape transformation (former SCDP) before canalizing the Mfoundi
LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN
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