Page 61 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 GENERAL PRINCIPLES
The judiciary whose independence is asserted by the Constitution, is vested in Cameroon by the Supreme Court, the courts of appeal, and tribunals. Paragraph 2 of Article 37 of the Constitution disposes in particular that the judges are answerable to the law and to their conscience while exercising their judicial func- tions. Guarantor of the independence of the judiciary, the President of the Republic shall appoint the judges.
In this mission, he is assisted by the Higher Council of Magistracy, which gives its opinion on proposals for appointments and disciplinary sanctions for judges. The Minister of Justice, Keeper of the Seals is the Vice-Chairman of the Higher Council of Magistracy, with a senior judge as secretary.
The Higher Council of Magistracy is consists of: three personalities appointed by the National Assembly, three personalities designated by the Supreme Court and a personality appointed by the President of the Republic. The term of office of members is five years.
PRINCIPLES OF THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM
In its preamble, the Cameroonian Constitution solemnly affirms the main principles of the natio- nal judicial system.
EQUAL JUSTICE
The law guarantees everyone the right to obtain justice. Because the human being, regardless of race, religion, sex, belief possesses inalienable and sacred rights. All men are equal in rights and duties. No one may be harassed because of his origins, opinions and beliefs in religious, philoso- phical or political matters, subject to respect for public order and morality.
NON-RETROACTIVE NATURE OF LAWS
The law cannot be retroactive. No one may be tried and punished by virtue of a law enacted and published before the offence committed.
THE PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE
Every defendant is presumed innocent until pro- ven guilty during a hearing conducted in strict observance of the rights of defense.
COURTS
Justice is rendered in Cameroon through:
n Courts of first instance; n High courts;
n Military tribunals;
n Administrative tribunals; n Courts of Appeal;
LEGAL SYSTEM
LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN
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