Page 64 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
P. 64

 64
                  LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN
Court. When the Supreme Court is consulted on a draft text, its opinion is issued by the general assembly.
THE HIGH COURT OF JUSTICE
Created by the Constitution (Article 53), the High Court of Justice has jurisdiction over acts perfor- med by the following in their office:
• The President of the Republic, for high treason;
• The Prime Minister, other members of the government and assimilated, senior administra- tion officials having been delegated power, in case of conspiracy against the State Security.
AUXILIARY OFFICERS OF JUSTICE
The main auxiliary of justice in Cameroon are registry officers and prosecutors, bailiffs and enforcement officers, lawyers and notaries. Registry officers shall ensure in general the imple- mentation of files before trial and pretrial execu- tion thereof after judgment. At Court, they ensure the pre-trial procedures and the implementation status of criminal proceedings.
Bailiffs are traditionally official holders of their office. They are responsible to inform the parties on matters concerning the judicial and extrajudi- cial meaning of their procedure, and on enforce- ment of justice acts. Their role is very important
The territorial jurisdiction of the High Court extends to a Division
insofar as they are justice intermediate at the Court. Enforcement officers are employees of judicial services. In the absence of bailiffs, they have the same powers and perform the same job with the Courts.
Lawyers grouped under a professional organiza- tion called Bar, are one of the guarantees of the independence of justice and equality of all before the law. They represent the parties in Court with the possibility of action on the proceedings. They also play an important role of legal counsel; actually, it is usual for them to represent natural or legal persons before the public administration.
HARMONIZATION OF BUSINESS LAW
Cameroon is one of sixteen African countries to have joined the Treaty on the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa (OHADA). The treaty was signed in Port Louis, on the 17 October 1993.
The geographical coverage of OHADA is beyond the Member States of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), because under Article 53 of the treaty, “membership is open to any other non-member State of the OAU invited to join in agreement with all States Parties”.
YAOUNDE, THE HEADQUARTERS OF THE OHADA
The treaty's main objective is to address the legal and judicial insecurity in the States Parties by

















































































   62   63   64   65   66