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                 modernizing and harmonizing business law in different States Parties. It therefore secures invest- ment by:
• Making available to each State common, sim- ple and modern rules, adapted to the economic situation;
• The promotion of arbitration as means for fast and discreet settlement of contractual disputes;
• Improving the training of judges and court officers.
OHADA comprises four institutions:
• The Council of Ministers of Justice and Finance, which meets once a year to adopt “uniform acts” applicable in each of the domestic laws of the States Parties;
• The Permanent Secretariat, attached to the Council of Ministers, is responsible for the prepa- ration of all documents and the annual business law harmonization programme. It is headquarte- red in Yaoundé.
• The Regional School of Magistracy in Porto- Novo, provides training and retraining of judges and judicial officers of the States Parties;
• The Common Court of Justice and Arbitration consisting of seven judges elected for seven years, renewable once, from among nationals of States Parties.
In the quest for modernization, related both to infrastructures and working methods and means such as texts, Cameroon adopted in 2006 a new Code of Criminal Procedure. The relevant law was passed by the National Assembly and promulgated by the Head of State. This is a text of 747 articles divided into six books. The law basically aims at ending duality of sources of criminal procedure in force in Cameroon for several decades. Two contradictory texts coexisted until 2006.
In criminal matters in Cameroon, these are, firstly, the Code of Criminal Procedure from the Order of 14 February 1938, which has seen some changes and, secondly, the “Criminal Procedure Ordnance” of 1958, extracted from “Laws of Nigeria”. Therefore, depending on whether one was in the Francophone or so-cal- led Anglophone area, the treatment of a defen- dant was different.
With its new Code of Criminal Procedure, Cameroon consolidates the Rule of law hence- forth by guaranteeing the rights of a defendant or an accused, which was not always the case in the former Code of criminal instruction. The suspect was left at the mercy of police officers. The result was a too long custody. The law pro- vided 24 hours, three times renewable, but each police investigator could choose a date and time of custody in a fanciful manner. According to the former Code of Criminal Procedure, in case of arrest, a defendant taken to the police was not entitled to the assistance of legal counsel.
Now, every accused may be assisted by a lawyer. Coercion is out of date in the new Criminal Procedure Code during preliminary investigation. Custody is 48 hours, renewable only once, and when a defendant has a known residence and work, there is no question of kee- ping them in custody. In sum, the new Code of Criminal Procedure protects all non-convicted persons from worries.
A quick reading of the Cameroon Code of Criminal Procedure may leave the impression that it protects more the rights of alleged perpetrators than those of victims. But in reality, in application, everything balances.
A new Code of Criminal Procedure for the consolidation of the rule of law in Cameroon

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