Page 67 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 HEALTH
INTRODUCTION
In 2017, the budget allocated to the Ministry of Public Health is 4.8% of the State budget, which is 208.2 billion, down 11.8% on 2016. The actions carried out focused on: maternal, child and adoles- cent health; fight against disease and promotion of health; rendering viable the health districts.
HEALTH OF THE MOTHERS AND CHILDREN
Actions continued on maternal health and impro- ved immunization coverage. In 2016, actions focused on: building the capacity of 500 emer- gency obstetric and neonatal staffs, and 200 for the surgical management of obstetric fistulas; assistance to 282,121 pregnant women during delivery by trained personnel, that is to say 59.6% of deliveries; the construction and equip- ping of two “mothers and children” wings; the provision of 46,153 obstetrical kits to health faci- lities and “mother and children” wings. In addi- tion, pregnant women continue to receive free intermittent preventive malaria treatment and teta- nus vaccine during prenatal consultations.
FIGHTING DISEASES
AIDS
In 2016, HIV/AIDS test was carried out on 2,418,139 people, compared with 1,232,452
in 2015. Among the people tested, 115,252 were declared HIV-positive. The HIV/AIDS pre- valence rate has moved from 4.3% in 2011 to 3.9% in 2016. The evolution is mainly due to the increase of mobile screening teams in all regions, which has contributed to expanding the offer of an HIV/AIDS test in a community.
As part of the management of STIs, 32,501 cases were reported and treated, of whom 615 in young people and adolescents, 31,886 in adults. Of the 624,591 pregnant women who received the first prenatal consultation, 566,932 were tested for HIV and 14,801 were declared seropositive, with a seroprevalence rate of 2.6%, after 4.1% in 2015. Among the 33,730 women's partners tested, 7.7% were found to be HIV-positive compared to 11% in 2015.
As part of the prevention of mother-to-child trans- mission, out of 15,987 children born from HIV- positive mothers, 15,620 benefited from early diagnosis of HIV, 823 were declared seropositive and 14,734 received nevirapine prophylactically.
In 2016, of the 514,490 adults needing treat- ment, 196,896 were on ARV treatment. Of the 46,228 children, 8,486 were on ARVs. Of the 30,389 HIV-positive pregnant women registe- red, 22,997 were put on ARV treatment.
The active file of people living with HIV on ARVs increased from 166,249 in 2015 to 205,382
HEALTH AND SOCIAL PROTECTION
LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN
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