Page 68 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN
in 2016, of which 4.1% are children under 15 and 71% of women. Regarding prevention, 32 623 459 condoms were distributed.
In the first half of 2017, 1,592,472 people were screened, of which 70,069 were HIV-posi- tive. Of the 338,304 pregnant women received during prenatal consultations and in the delivery rooms, 14,623 were declared HIV-positive. Besides, 224,843 people living with the HIV are on treatment.
Malaria
In 2016, the actions undertaken by the National Malaria Control Programme remained focused on: care; prevention; capacity building of health personnel.
To care for the sick, the following drugs and mate- rials were acquired: 929,080 doses of artesu- nate-amodiaquine and 163,956 doses of arteme- ther-lumefantrine for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria; 1,286,606 ampoules of injectable arte- sunate and 1,979,400 syringes for the treatment of severe malaria; 1,380,703 rapid diagnostic kits and 2,761,500 examination gloves.
821 400 cases of uncomplicated malaria and 388 740 of severe malaria were treated in health facilities. With this aim in mind, 161 626 cases of uncomplicated malaria and 167 605 of severe malaria were treated free of charge in children under five years of age. In addition, 199,909 doses of artesunate-amodiaquine were subsidized by persons over five years of age.
More than 2.5 million people were tested on the HIV/AIDS this year
In 2016, malaria was responsible for 12.4% of deaths in health facilities compared to 18.7% in 2015. The number of malaria-related deaths moved from 3,440 in 2015 to 2,639, a decrease of 23.3%.
To prevent the disease, 9,282,466 long-lasting impregnated mosquito nets (LLINs) were distribu- ted in the Far-North, North, Adamawa, Centre, Littoral and West regions. As part of the intermit- tent preventive treatment for pregnant women, 2,865,672 Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine tablets and 306,267 LLINs were distributed during pre- natal consultations. Of the 551,202 pregnant women who received prenatal consultations in the health facilities, 76% received the first dose of intermittent preventive treatment, 54% the second and 33% the third one. In terms of seasonal malaria chemoprevention, of 1,549,250 chil- dren aged 3 to 59 months counted in the North and Far-North regions, 85.6% were immunized.
Leprosy, Yaws and Buruli Ulcer
For the year 2016, the leprosy, yaws and Buruli ulcer control programme recorded: 666 cases of leprosy, of which 145 new cases were treated; 2 new cases of Buruli ulcer detected and mana- ged; 283 new cases of yaws treated.
Tuberculosis
For the year 2016, of the 16,513 cases of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis detected and treated free of charge, 13,929 were decla- red cured, with a remission rate of 84.3%.




















































































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