Page 73 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
P. 73

                 free treatment of simple and severe malaria for children under five has led to a sharp reduction in deaths. Treatment is now within everyone's reach, thanks to the significant reduction in costs of the rapid diagnostic test and antimala- rial drugs. All of these actions have reduced malaria morbidity from 38% in 2011 to around 25% today.
On quite another matter, consistent efforts in the fight against HIV are leading Cameroon to a generation without AIDS. Prevention campaigns carried out tirelessly by the authorities have led to a decrease in the prevalence of people aged between 15 and 49 years. Prevalence that increased from 5.5% to 4.3% in the last seven
Out-patient visits in Bafoussam, West Region
years (between 2011 and 2018). The number of health facilities offering PMTCT services (Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission) has increased from 2025 to 2102, which is an increase of 77 additional services. The number of sites for early diagnosis of HIV in children has quadrupled within 2011 and today, moving from 106 to 1306.
We should also mention that: on the manage- ment of tuberculosis, 230 diagnostic and treat- ment centres are functional, with a cure rate of 80%. The cost of screening test was strongly sub- sidized and reduced to 1000 F CFA per scree- ning, while the management of tuberculosis and the HIV screening test for tuberculosis patients are free in Cameroon. Besides, the prevention and management of tuberculosis in prison is effective in the 10 major prisons of the country, and the cure rate of new cases of smear-positive pulmo- nary tuberculosis is 85%.
As concerns viral hepatitis, in the wave of developments recorded by the Government on
the fight against this scourge, among other things, there is the training of medical specia-
lists, the negotiation of treatment costs and their subsidy; the acceleration of effective care since 2012; the availability of effective antire- troviral drugs on the hepatitis B virus in appro-
ved treatment centres, at a cost of 5000 F CFA
per month. To curb the disease, the dynamism
of a public / private partnership can boast of having negotiated the hepatitis treatment costs since 2012, which in 2018 are significantly more affordable. Actually, the monthly treat->>>
 Free distribution of Long-Lasting Impregnated Mosquito Nets by the MINSANTE

   71   72   73   74   75