Page 79 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 INTRODUCTION
The strategic objective pursued by education is to contribute to the development of human capital, through a training offer adapted to the needs of the labour market and that can enable learners to integrate effectively into an increasingly competi- tive socio-professional environment. The alloca- tion made available in 2017 to this sector repre- sented 13.9% of the state budget, namely an envelope of 608.8 billion.
BASIC EDUCATION
Objectives at this level of education remain par- ticularly focused on: the development of pre- school; the universalization of the primary cycle; literacy; the improvement of the working environ- ment and living conditions of the staff. The nur- sery and primary education received 222.1 bil- lion, an allocation up by 7.7% from 2016. Part of the allocation, that is 1.9 billion, is granted the private nursery and primary schools as subsidy. Besides, for the 2017/2018 school year, a spe- cial subsidy of one billion from the Head of State, is granted private nursery and primary schools.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRESCHOOL
The implementation of the national policy of pre-school education, through its community- based strategy, allows the extension of nursery
education in rural and semi-urban areas, with the involvement of local and regional authorities. The actions carried out concern: the setting up of community preschool centres for children aged 4 to 5 in rural areas; the pedagogical training of the community preschool centres leaders and that of the nursery schools teachers in the production of teaching materials based on local and reco- very materials; granting of subsidies to leaders of community preschool centres.
With regard to public preschool provision, the actions carried out in 2016 focused on: the crea- tion of 50 new nursery schools; the construction of equipment for 25 nursery schools blocks, 55 classrooms and 10 community preschool centres; the rehabilitation of 6 nursery schools; the construction of latrines; continued development of new programmes. The gross preschool enroll- ment rate is 39% in 2016/2017.
UNIVERSALIZATION OF THE PRIMARY CYCLE
The universalization of the primary cycle is reflec- ted in the following actions; strengthening the supply of education to the public primary cycle; support for the schooling of the girl; improving quality education in primary schools; promotion of national languages.
Education offer was stepped up through: the creation of 100 new schools; the further
BASIC EDUCATION AND SECONDARY TEACHINGS
 LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN
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