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Higher education is made up of all post-secondary education and training provided by the public and private institutions recognized as institutions of higher education by the State. It is the ultimate component of the national education system.
Higher education is composed of four major groups:
n The Ministry of Higher Education;
n State universities;
n Public higher education institutions partially under the supervision of the Ministry of Higher Education;
n Private institutions of higher education.
The strategic objectives are: professionalization of teachings; modernization of institutions and faculties; the development of modernization of the institutions and faculties; the development of research and innovation. In 2017, the budget allocated to higher education is 67.6 billion against 47.6 billion in 2016. State universities received a budget of 37.6 billion, of which 8.5 billion intended for infrastructure improvements and 29.1 billion for operations.
The special appropriation account for the moder- nization of research in State universities benefited from an allocation of 10.5 billion. An amount of 4 billion is allocated for excellence grants.
The Ministry of Higher Education (MINESUP) was reorganized by a Presidential Decree on 8 December 2004; it is responsible for the deve- lopment, implementation and application of the Government's policy in higher education, the organization, operation and pedagogical control of higher education.
Jacques Fame Ndongo the renewed Minister of Higher Education following the cabinet reshuffle of March 8, 2018 is working on a proposal to the government on ways and means aiming at adap- ting permanently the higher education system to national economic and social realities, particularly with regard to the adequacy of higher education to the needs of the Cameroonian economy.
In addition, it liaises with all sectors of national life with an eye to the professionalization of higher education.
It also supervises universities, as well as all public and private centres and academic institutions. As such, in January 2005, MINESUP authorized the

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